Developments in flame retardant textiles

Horrocks, Richard ORCID: 0000-0003-1431-058X, Kandola, Baljinder K. ORCID: 0000-0002-3621-3724, Davies, P. J., Zhang, Sheng and Padbury, S. A. (2005) Developments in flame retardant textiles. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 88 (1). pp. 3-12. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

The many, and varied flame retardant chemistries researched, and developed during the 1950-80 period for improving the fire performance of both natural, and chemical fibres have not been significantly added to during the last 25 years or so. This is a consequence of increasing commercial demands in terms of cost-effectiveness coupled with increasing concerns for the environmental, and general toxicological character of these materials, and treatments. The only real exception to this is the recent in the inclusion on functionalised nanoclays into polymers which has been found to improve fire performance in terms of reduced peak heat release rates. This review considers recent developments which have tried to increase the efficiency of known chemistry to enhance char-formation by intumescent action on the one hand with the effect of inclusion of nanoclays on the other. Consideration is also given to recent attempts to replace antimony-bromine formulations in textile back-coatings by phosphorus-based species.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper given at 9th European Conference on Fire Retardant Polymers, and published in Polymer Degradation and Stability, Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Scott Wilson
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 12:53
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2018 14:35
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2003.10.024
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/84

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