Characterization and swelling performance of physically stabilized electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan nanofibres

Çay, Ahmet and Miraftab, Mohsen and Perrin Akçakoca Kumbasar, E. (2014) Characterization and swelling performance of physically stabilized electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan nanofibres. European Polymer Journal, 61. pp. 253-262. ISSN 0014-3057

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00143...

Abstract

Stabilization of PVA/chitosan nanofibres have been investigated in this work. For this purpose, three stabilization treatments were adopted; methanol, thermal, and glutaraldehyde. Characteristic changes in pre-electrospun solutions, nanofibre dimensions, fibre crystallinity as well as swelling and structural durability have been assessed using SEM, FT-IR, DSC, TGA, water swelling, and structural durability tests. Incorporation of chitosan has been shown to decrease nanofibre diameter and reduce crystallinity of unstabilized nanofibres. However, physical stabilization has been shown to increase degree of crystallinity and thermal stability. PVA/chitosan nanofibres have also shown higher water stability compared to pure PVA nanofibres. Whereas methanol treated PVA/chitosan nanofibres showed deterioration in nano-fibrous structure resulting in considerable weight loss. Thermally stabilized samples showed complete stability of structure in water with no weight loss. It was also found that physical stabilization methods have no significant effect on the swelling ratio of stabilized PVA/chitosan nanofibres.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full text of this article is not available in this repository.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitosan; Electrospinning; Nanofibres; Physical stabilization; Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Sarah Taylor
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2015 15:27
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2015 15:27
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2014.10.017
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/771

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