Blame towards male rape victims as a function of victim sexuality and degree of resistance

Davies, M, Rogers, Paul and Bates, Jo-Anne (2008) Blame towards male rape victims as a function of victim sexuality and degree of resistance. Journal of Homosexuality, 55 (3). pp. 533-544. ISSN 0091-8369 (Print)

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This study investigates the impact of victim sexual orientation, the degree of victim physical resistance, and respondent gender on attributions of blame and assault severity in a hypothetical case of stranger-perpetrated male rape. One hundred eighty-three participants read a scenario depicting a rape in which the victim's sexuality and degree of resistance were both varied between-subjects before completing 12 blame attribution items. Overall, findings suggest that male respondents were less pro-victim than were females. While women generally attributed little victim blame and considered the assault very severe regardless of condition, men were influenced by both factors. Specifically, although men considered the assault severe, they blamed a gay victim more when he fought back against his attacker but, conversely, blamed a heterosexual victim when he did not fight back. Results are discussed in relation to homophobia and judgments about victim resistance during rape. Implications for treatment services are also considered.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The accepted version of this article was published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Homosexuality, Vol.55,3 2008. Journal of Homosexuality is available online here :
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sexual assault,male rape, blame, homophobia, victim resistance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Education and Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr M Lowe
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 12:22
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 12:22
Identification Number: 10.1080/00918360802345339

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