Cone calorimetry studies of polymer systems flame retarded by chemically bonded phosphorus

Price, Dennis, Bullett, K .J., Cunliffe, Laurie K., Hull, T. Richard, Milnes, G. John, Ebdon, John R. ORCID: 0000-0003-4176-3912, Hunt, Barry J. and Joseph, Paul (2005) Cone calorimetry studies of polymer systems flame retarded by chemically bonded phosphorus. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 88 (1). pp. 74-79. ISSN 0141-3910

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The combustion behaviour of polystyrene flame retarded by the incorporation of phosphorus-containing compounds has been studied by LOI and cone calorimetry. Both ?reactive? and ?additive? approaches to the incorporation of the phosphorus have been applied and assessed. The data obtained show that the reactive approach results in enhanced char formation during combustion due to a condensed phase mechanism. Flame retardation by the additive systems occurred exclusively in the vapour phase via both chemical and physical interactions. The main advantage of the reactive approach was the maintenance of the physical and chemical properties similar to those of the homopolymer. The phosphorus environment was also a significant factor in terms of the level of flame retardance achieved. Phosphonate species were more effective than were phosphate species.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full-text of this article is not available in this repository. This article was published in Polymer degradation and stability, published by and copyright Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flame retardance, Phosphorus-containing compounds, Reactive systems, Additive systems, Cone calorimetry, LOI
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Scott Wilson
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 12:52
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 16:00
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2003.09.025

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