Anti-gay ‘honor’ abuse: A multinational attitudinal study of collectivist vs. individualist orientated populations in Asia and England

Lowe, Michelle ORCID: 0000-0001-9649-4938, Khan, Roxanne, Thanzami, Vanlal, Barzy, Mahsa and Karmaliani, Rozina (2019) Anti-gay ‘honor’ abuse: A multinational attitudinal study of collectivist vs. individualist orientated populations in Asia and England. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. ISSN 0886-2605 (In Press)

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Abstract

Objective: Cultural collectivism, a core feature of honor cultures, is associated with the acceptance of aggression if it is used in the name of so called ‘honor’. Currently overlooked in the research literature, this study explored perceptions of anti-gay ‘honor’ abuse in collectivist orientated honor cultures, where homosexuality, in particular, is considered to be dishonorable. Method: To conduct exploratory and comparative analysis, this study recruited 922 students in four Asian countries (India, Iran, Malaysia and Pakistan), as well as Asian British and White British students in England. All participants read a brief vignette depicting a man whose relatives verbally abuse him and threaten him with life-threatening violence, after suspecting that he is gay and has joined an online dating website to meet men. Participants then completed a short questionnaire that assessed the extent to which they thought the man’s actions had damaged his family’s honor and their approval of the anti-gay ‘honor’ abuse depicted in the scenario. Results: Broadly in line with predictions, data analyses revealed attitudes more supportive of anti-gay ‘honor’ abuse in all five collectivist-orientated populations than the sample of individualistic-orientated counterparts in England. Notably, however, a series of one-way ANOVAs demonstrated that these results varied depending on country of residence, gender, religious denomination, educational status and age. Conclusions: The findings show that individual and demographic differences influence perceptions towards homophobic ‘honor’ abuse in collectivist cultures. These differences are a useful indices of the psychosocial factors that underpin hostile attitudes towards gay males in cultures where homosexuality is denounced.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: family violence, honor-based violence, honor killings, LGBT, religion, victims
Divisions: School of Education and Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 14:42
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 10:58
Identification Number: 10.1177/0886260519838493
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/2152

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