Enhancing polymer char formation by reaction with phosphorylated polyols. Part 1 Cellulose

Horrocks, Richard ORCID: 0000-0003-1431-058X and Zhang, Sheng (2001) Enhancing polymer char formation by reaction with phosphorylated polyols. Part 1 Cellulose. Polymer, 42 (19). pp. 8025-8033. ISSN 0032-3861

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Abstract

The use of polyol phosphonyl chlorides or phosphochloridates as phosphorylating agents for cellulose is considered as means of introducing a char-forming centre in association with an acid-generating moiety into a functional polymer which itself is potentially char-forming. The specific polyol phosphonyl chloride used, spirocyclic pentaerythritol di(phosphonyl chloride) or diphosphochloridate, SPDPC, is shown to be able to substitute into cellulose (as cotton) in the presence of a suitable solvent (DMF) and base (pyridine and sodium hydroxide) at levels commensurate with phosphorus concentrations up to 2.5% (w/w). This is equivalent to phosphorylation yields of up to 22.7%. The efficiency of phosphorylation is dependent upon reaction temperature and SPDPC: cotton mass ratios. Highest yields occur when reactions are carried out at respective mass ratios of 4:1 (almost equivalent to a molar ratio of an anhydroglucopyranose repeat : ½ SPDPC molecule) at 160oC for 2 hr. Thermogravimetric analysis of SPDPC-phosphorylated cellulose shows enhanced char formation over the range 400 - 740oC with respect to untreated cotton cellulose. Scanning electron microscopy shows chars to be well-defined and quite resistant to oxidation as the temperature rises above 600oC in air.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cellulose; Cotton; Phosphorylation
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 18:42
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 18:42
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0032-3861(01)00321-4
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/2120

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