Flammability of polyacrylonitrile and its copolymers II. Thermal behaviour and mechanism of degradation

Horrocks, Richard ORCID: 0000-0003-1431-058X, Zhang, Jun and Hall, M. E. (1994) Flammability of polyacrylonitrile and its copolymers II. Thermal behaviour and mechanism of degradation. Polymer International, 33 (3). pp. 303-314. ISSN 0959-8103

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10970126

Abstract

Homopolymeric polyacrylonitrile and fibre‐forming copolymers containing either vinyl acetate or methyl acrylate comonomer have been studied by thermal analysis (DSC, TGA and DTG) at various heating rates (10–100 K min−1) and under air and nitrogen. Three well‐defined pyrolysis stages have been observed which occur over the temperature ranges 250–350°C, 350–550°C and above 550°C. Each stage involves a competition between volatilisation and cyclisation or char‐forming reactions which depends on heating rate and the presence or absence of oxygen. The well‐established dominance of cyclisation in the 250–350°C temperature range obtained during carbon fibre production from acrylic precursors occurs only at low heating rates. At high heating rates, volatilisation dominates and this explains why acrylic polymers have high flammabilities when heating rapidly. The full pyrolysis mechanism has been semi‐quantitatively analysed and the role that comonomers play discussed. This has enabled a fuller understanding of the potential burning behaviour of these polymers to be developed.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2018 15:01
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 15:01
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1956

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