All that glitters is not grit: three studies of grit in University students

Kannangara, Chathurika Sewwandi ORCID: 0000-0001-6955-8158, Allen, Rosie E., Waugh, Gill, Nahar, Nurun, Khan, Samia Zahraa Noor, Rogerson, S. and Carson, Jerome ORCID: 0000-0002-7596-116X (2018) All that glitters is not grit: three studies of grit in University students. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 (1539). ISSN 1664-1078

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The present research looked at the importance of the concept of grit in University students based on a mixed-method approach. Study 1 comprised 440 University students. All were given the Grit Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, the short Warwick– Edinburgh MentalWell-being Scale, the Office of National StatisticsWell-being items and the Self-Control Scale. Levels of grit were significantly higher in female students, older students and postgraduates. Grit correlated highest with self-control. Study 2 looked at 340 University students. In addition to measuring self-control, mental well-being and grit, measures of resilience and mindsets were also added. A construct validity test of the Grit Scale showed that high grit scorers had significantly higher levels of selfcontrol and mental well-being, were more resilient and were more likely to have a more growth oriented mindset. Grit varies with age and is most closely associated with the concept of self-control. The third study was a qualitative investigation with 10 successful graduates. Semi-structured interviews were coded using thematic analysis. Three broad themes emerged. The first, Passion and Perseverance, included themes of having short and long terms goals, resilience, dedication, and endurance. The second, Self-Control, included time management, self-awareness, prioritizing tasks and knowing strengths and weaknesses. The third theme identified was Positive Mindsets. This included having a positive attitude toward learning, the importance of feedback and constructive criticism and that success is not materialistic. The qualitative research has helped “unpack” concepts from the grit research and may enable University tutors to guide students better. Though these studies were only conducted in one English University, they have been stepping stones in our quest to discover what are the most important factors in determining student academic success? The development and piloting of our new Uni-Stride Scale, is the next step in this process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: retention, success factors, engagement, grit, university students, academic achievement, resilience, mixed-methods
Divisions: School of Education and Psychology > Education
School of Education and Psychology > Psychology
Institute of Management
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2018 14:13
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2019 08:33
Identification Number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01539

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