Juvenile phase change: Towards a physiological and genetic understanding

Matsoukas, Ianis G. ORCID: 0000-0002-7866-6537, Thomas, B., Ruiz, Veronica Valdes, Jackson, Stephen, Jackson, Alison, Adams, Steven and Massiah, A.J. (2009) Juvenile phase change: Towards a physiological and genetic understanding. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 153 (S.2). S196-S197. ISSN 1095-6433

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Plants undergo a series of qualitative transitions during their life-cycle in response to both environmental and internal factors. One of the most distinguishable is the transition from a vegetative to reproductive phase of development. This stage is preceded by the juvenile to adult transition within the vegetative phase. During the juvenile phase (JP) plants are incompetent to initiate reproductive development and are effectively insensitive to photoperiod. With the change to adult phase, plants attain competence to respond to floral inducers, which is required for the transition to the reproductive phase. Here we exploit Antirrhinum, a facultative long day plant that has a defined JP that is sensitive to light, to understand the genetic and environmental factors that regulate juvenility. A physiological assay has been developed in Antirrhinum that exploits photoperiod sensitivity to allow the length of the JP to be estimated. Environmental factors such as irradiance and CO2 concentrations have been found as key modifiers of the length of the JP. A correlation between limiting photosynthetic assimilates and vegetative phase transition has been revealed by HPLC analysis of total soluble carbohydrates in plants at defined developmental stages. Studies are being carried out to determine whether plants are florally incompetent during the JP due to inactivity of the photoperiodic floral induction pathway.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Abstract published in Supplement - Abstracts of the Annual Main Meeting of the Society of Experimental Biology, 28th June - 1st July, Glasgow, UK
Divisions: School of Sport and Biological Sciences > Biology
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2018 14:55
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 14:49
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2009.04.442
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1715

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