Zinc stannate interactions with flame retardants in polyamides; Part 2: Potential synergies with non-halogen-containing flame retardants in polyamide 6 (PA6)

Horrocks, Richard ORCID: 0000-0003-1431-058X, Smart, G., Kandola, Baljinder K. ORCID: 0000-0002-3621-3724 and Price, Dennis (2012) Zinc stannate interactions with flame retardants in polyamides; Part 2: Potential synergies with non-halogen-containing flame retardants in polyamide 6 (PA6). Polymer Degradation and Stability, 97 (4). pp. 645-652. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

Zinc stannate is a well known synergist and smoke suppressant with brominated flame retardants in a number of polymers but its possible synergistic function with phosphorus-containing species is less well documented. This paper reports the effect of adding zinc stannate together with aluminium diethyl phosphinate, an aryl phosphate (resorcinol bis (diphenyl phosphate)), a cyclic organophosphonate, melamine polyphosphate and melamine cyanurate singly or in combinations in polyamide 6 (PA6). Compounded formulations restricted by the need to maintain a maximum level of 20 wt% or less and an assumed constant molar ratio, Sn/P = 2/3, were characterized by DTA/DTG, limiting oxygen index, UL94, cone calorimetry and tensile testing procedures. Of the formulations studied, that comprising 10 wt% melamine polyphosphate, 5 wt% aryl phosphate and 7.5 wt% zinc stannate produced one of the highest LOI values of 26.5 vol% and a UL94 V2 rating. Clear evidence is provided that zinc stannate functions as a synergist only when these two phosphorus-containing species are present and not when individually present. The addition of zinc stannate to all formulations improved tensile property retention. The further addition of either zinc borate or a nanoclay appeared to negate any previously observed zinc stannate-phosphorus synergy in PA6.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: : zinc stannate, zinc borate, aryl phosphate, phosphinate, melamine, polyphosphate, cyanurate, nanoclay, polyamide 6, flammability, smoke
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Sarah Taylor
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2018 15:02
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2018 15:02
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2012.01.004
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1625

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