Thermal degradation of DNA-treated cotton fabrics under different heating conditions

Alongi, J., Milnes, G. John, Malucelli, Giulio, Bourbigot, Serge and Kandola, Baljinder K. ORCID: 0000-0002-3621-3724 (2014) Thermal degradation of DNA-treated cotton fabrics under different heating conditions. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 108. pp. 212-221. ISSN 0165-2370

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Our recent work has demonstrated that deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) can act as an effective flame retardant when applied to cotton fabrics as a thin coating. DNA acts as a Lewis acid and promotes the dehydration of cotton cellulose to form char, limiting the production of volatile species. Here, the effect of heating rates on thermal degradation behaviour has been studied in order to understand the thermo-oxidation behaviour under slow heating and fast (flash) pyrolysis. The low heating rate effect has been studied using thermogravimetry coupled with infrared spectroscopy and pyrolysis-combustion flow calorimetry, whereas high heating rates effect was obtained by performing thermogravimetry at 200 – 500oC/min and flash-pyrolysis tests coupled with infrared spectroscopy. The information obtained by the latter has been successfully employed in order to i) better explain the results collected from combustion tests and ii) demonstrate that the type of the gaseous species and their evolution, as well as the char formation, as a consequence of the fabric thermo-oxidation, are independent of the adopted heating rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA, fabrics, thermo-oxidation, thermogravimetry, TGA-FTIR, Pyrolysis-Combustion-Flow Calorimetry Combustion-Flow Calorimetry.
Divisions: School of Engineering > Engineering
University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2018 09:38
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2018 09:38
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jaap.2014.04.014

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