The Effects of Thermophysical Properties and Environmental Conditions on Fire Performance of Intumescent Coatings on Glass Fibre-Reinforced Epoxy Composites

Kandola, Baljinder K. ORCID: 0000-0002-3621-3724, Luangtriratana, Piyanuch ORCID: 0000-0001-8745-079X, Duquesne, Sophie and Bourbigot, Serge (2015) The Effects of Thermophysical Properties and Environmental Conditions on Fire Performance of Intumescent Coatings on Glass Fibre-Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Materials, 8 (8). pp. 5216-5237. ISSN 1996-1944

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Abstract

Intumescent coatings are commonly used as passive fire protection systems for steel structures. The purpose of this work is to explore whether these can also be used effectively on glass fibre-reinforced epoxy (GRE) composites, considering the flammability of the composites compared to non-flammable steel substrate. The thermal barrier and reaction-to-fire properties of three commercial intumescent coatings on GRE composites have been studied using a cone calorimeter. Their thermophysical properties in terms of heating rate and/or temperature dependent char expansion ratios and thermal conductivities have been measured and correlated. It has been suggested that these two parameters can be used to design coatings to protect composite laminates of defined thicknesses for specified periods of time. The durability of the coatings to water absorption, peeling, impact, and flexural loading were also studied. A strong adhesion between all types of coatings and the substrate was observed. Water soaking had a little effect on the fire performance of epoxy based coatings. All types of 1 mm thick coatings on GRE helped in retaining ~90% of the flexural property after 2 min exposure to 50 kW/m2 heat flux whereas the uncoated laminate underwent severe delamination and loss in structural integrity after 1 min.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of Thermo-Physical and Thermo-Optical Properties on the Fire Behavior of Polymers
Uncontrolled Keywords: intumescent coatings, char expansion, cone calorimetry, thermal conductivity at high temperatures, durability, mechanical properties
Divisions: School of Engineering > Engineering
University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2018 11:51
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 13:45
Identification Number: 10.3390/ma8085216
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1473

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