Qualities, teaching, and measurement of compassion in nursing: a systematic review.

Durkin, Mark, Gurbutt, Russell ORCID: 0000-0003-3403-8288 and Carson, Jerome ORCID: 0000-0002-7596-116X (2018) Qualities, teaching, and measurement of compassion in nursing: a systematic review. Nurse Education Today, 63. pp. 50-58. ISSN 1532-2793

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Abstract

Compassion has global implications for nursing care. However, failure to provide compassionate care is reported by patients. Nursing and nurse education have been scrutinized about the impact training can have on student's compassion. Furthermore, there is a paucity of standardised measures to assess levels of nurses' compassion. To identify (1) the qualities of a compassionate nurse, (2) how compassion is taught to nursing students, and (3) the instruments used to measure compassion in nursing. Systematic literature review. CINHAL, EBSCO, SCOPUS, PubMed, Ovid Nursing. A systematic review of published research was conducted with. No limitations in the search timeframe were used. Articles were included if they were (1) nurses (2) nursing students (3) educators and (4) patient groups, (5) written in English. Articles that were, peer reviewed, research articles, or articles grounded in evidence based practice were also included. Fourteen studies (6 UK, 3 USA, 2 Canada, 1 Korea, 1 Thailand, and 1 Netherlands) identified eleven characteristics of a compassionate nurse. Two UK and one Australian study investigated teaching compassion to nursing students. Four articles reported on instruments used to measure compassion in nursing. Three were American, and one Korean. This review identified only 21 papers overall. Several qualities of a compassionate nurse were found. In addition, few studies have explored how compassion is taught to nursing students. Also, there are a limited number of instruments for measuring compassion in nursing. More research is needed in nurse education to develop a teaching approach and psychometric measure for nurses' compassion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compassion, Measures, Nursing, Qualities, Students, Systematic review, Teaching
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: School of Education and Psychology > Psychology
Faculty of Health and Wellbeing
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Depositing User: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2018 11:05
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 09:19
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.025
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1344

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