Noninvasive detection of increased carotid artery temperature in patients with coronary artery disease predicts major cardiovascular events at one year: Results from a prospective multicenter study

Toutouzas, Konstantinos, Benetos, Georgios, Koutagiar, Iosif, Barampoutis, Nikolaos, Mitropoulou, Fotini, Davlouros, Periklis, Sfikakis, Petros O., Alexopoulos, Dimitrios, Stefanadis, Christodoulos, Siores, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-2971-9580 and Tousoulis, Dimitris (2017) Noninvasive detection of increased carotid artery temperature in patients with coronary artery disease predicts major cardiovascular events at one year: Results from a prospective multicenter study. Altherosclerosis, 262. pp. 25-30. ISSN 0021-9150

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Abstract

Background and aims Limited prospective data have been reported regarding the impact of carotid inflammation on cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Microwave radiometry (MWR) is a noninvasive, simple method that has been used for evaluation of carotid artery temperature which, when increased, predicts ‘inflamed’ plaques with vulnerable characteristics. We prospectively tested the hypothesis that increased carotid artery temperature predicts future cerebro- and cardiovascular events in patients with CAD. Methods Consecutive patients from 3 centers, with documented CAD by coronary angiography, were studied. In both carotid arteries, common carotid intima-media thickness and plaque thickness were evaluated by ultrasound. Temperature difference (ΔT), measured by MWR, was considered as the maximal temperature along the carotid artery minus the minimum; ΔT ≥0.90 °C was assigned as high. Major cardiovascular events (MACE, death, stroke, myocardial infarction or revascularization) were recorded during the following year. Results In total, 250 patients were studied; of them 40 patients (16%) had high ΔT values in both carotid arteries. MACEs occurred in 30% of patients having bilateral high ΔT versus 3.8% in the remaining patients (p<0.001). Bilateral high ΔT was independently associated with increased one-year MACE rate (HR = 6.32, 95% CI 2.42–16.53, p<0.001, by multivariate cox regression hazard model). The addition of ΔT information on a baseline model based on cardiovascular risk factors and extent of CAD significantly increased the prognostic value of the model (c-statistic increase 0.744 to 0.845, pdif = 0.05) Conclusions Carotid inflammation, detected by MWR, has an incremental prognostic value in patients with documented CAD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carotid artery, Temperatures, Coronary artery disease, Prognosis
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2017 10:16
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 08:05
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.04.019
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1169

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