Effect of lactic acid chain length on thermomechanical properties of star-LA-xylitol resins and jute reinforced biocomposites

Jahandideh, Arash, Esmaeili, Nima and Muthukumarappan, Kasiviswanathan (2017) Effect of lactic acid chain length on thermomechanical properties of star-LA-xylitol resins and jute reinforced biocomposites. Polymer International, 16 (7). pp. 1021-1030. ISSN 0959-8103

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(IS...

Abstract

Star-shaped bio-based resins were synthesized by direct condensation of lactic acid (LA) with xylitol followed by end-functionalizing of branches by methacrylic anhydride with three different LA chain lengths (3, 5 and 7). The thermomechanical and structural properties of the resins were characterized by 13C NMR, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, rheometry, DSC, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), TGA and flexural and tensile tests. An evaluation of the effect of chain length on the synthesized resins showed that the resin with five LAs exhibited the most favorable thermomechanical properties. Also, the resin's glass transition temperature (103 °C) was substantially higher than that of the thermoplast PLA (ca 55 °C). The resin had low viscosity at its processing temperature (80 °C). The compatibility of the resin with natural fibers was investigated for biocomposite manufacturing. Finally, composites were produced from the n5-resin (80 wt% fiber content) using jute fiber. The thermomechanical and morphological properties of the biocomposites were compared with jute-PLA composites and a hybrid composite made of the impregnated jute fibers with n5 resin and PLA. SEM and DMA showed that the n5-jute composites had better mechanical properties than the other composites produced. Inexpensive monomers, good thermomechanical properties and good processability of the n5 resin make the resin comparable with commercial unsaturated polyester resins.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: synthesis, thermosets, star-shaped, lactic acid, biocomposites, thermomechanical properties
Divisions: University of Bolton Research Centres > Institute for Materials Research and Innovation
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2017 08:28
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 08:28
Identification Number: 10.1002/pi.5354
URI: http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1166

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