Response of natural sisal reinforced polyester composites to three-point and four-point bending

Munakaampe, Grain M., Kanyanga, Shamitiba B., Myler, Peter and Chizyuka, Chizyuka G. (2017) Response of natural sisal reinforced polyester composites to three-point and four-point bending. Procedia Manufacturing, 7. pp. 327-332. ISSN 2351-9789

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In engineering, prevention of failure of materials is of cardinal importance. Once failure can be predicted and anticipated fairly correctly, timely corrective measures can be taken to avert catastrophes. This way, costs would be reduced and profits maximized. Some of the difficult materials to predict the failure for are natural fibre reinforced composites due to the fact that fibres do not all fail at the same time with load value. Some fibres fail earlier than others, thereby exhibiting lesser failure values than theoretically calculated. In this research, polyester resin was reinforced with natural sisal using the hand lay-up process. Three types of reinforcement mats were used. Two were handmade while one was machine made. Composites of varying sisal volume fractions were made. Pressure of 15 – 20 bar was applied to the slates for 15 minutes before allowing them to cure at room temperature for 24 hours. Pressure was applied in order to eliminate air bubbles and also to ensure an even and flat resultant surface. Test specimens from the resultant composites were subjected to three-point and four-point bending to determine the Young's modulus, E. The results revealed that E values for all the composites were lower that what was theoretically calculated from the volume fractions; the hand-made mats resulted in lower E values than the machine-made mat; it was also observed that the higher the volume fraction, the higher the E value obtained experimentally.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper given at the International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing, SMPM 2017, 23-25 January 2017, Kruger
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural fibre reinforced composites, polyester resin, natural sisal, sisal volume fraction, reinforced mats
Divisions: School of Engineering > Engineering
Depositing User: Tracey Gill
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2017 15:31
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2017 15:31
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.promfg.2016.12.080

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